Features of Oral Poetry (a) It is composed and delivered by word of mouth. Illustrations Frontispiece: The praise singer Mqhyai, distinguished Xhosa imbongi, in traditional garb with staff (photo . Oral literature declined with the advent of the printing press. Oral literature is an aspect of literature preserved not in written form but in oral form. (b) Linguistic aspects such as tone and pitch are crucial in oral poetry in varying the meaning and the mood . There is no standard definition, as folklorists have varying descriptions for oral literature or folk literature. Oral Literature in Africa.indd 12 8/28/12 12:58 PM. The study of the kinds of instances and genres touched on in this account can enlarge both our literary experience and our concept of ‘literature’ altogether. 27 These characteristic qualities of oral literary forms have several implications for the study of oral literature. In some cases, the memorization of a single work of oral literature included several forms of recitation. Myths are stories that explain objects or events in the natural world as resulting from some supernatural force or entity, most often a god. Also, it can refer to spoken or written language. Dancer, West Africa (photo Sandra Bornand). This is the relevance of African oral literature for comparative literature in the wide sense. By M.S. Flashcards. Oral literature (or orature) may be in prose or verse.The prose is often mythological or historical and can include tales of the trickster character. Spell. By M.S. Oral and written literature are the two major forms of literature. Another characteristic of Native American literature involves attributing human characteristics to landmark formations or inanimate objects. What exactly would be your response? Speech is the faculty or power of speaking; oral communication; ability to express one’s thoughts and emotions by speech, sounds, and gesture. CHARACTERISTICS OF ORAL LITERATURE 2.1 IT IS PERFORMANCE-BASED From what we have said above, it would be by now obvious that the primary distinctive feature of orature is the fact that it is performance-based and depends absolutely on performance for its existence. A lot of oral literature too has been made available in the form of books. Performance plays a vital role in oral literature. Types of Oral Literature. Terms in this set (10) Myths. courtesy Jeff Opland). Some Characteristics of medieval literature Are religious themes, lack of authorship, composition in verse and oral tradition.. While they are historical, as opposed to sacral, they serve as foundation texts for ancient Greek ideas of civilization and culture. This paper grapples with the question of choice of theory in the study of African oral literature. From roots of the oral tradition of passing down cultural stories and history through presentation and storytelling, African literature came to also be written down. Test. Thirumalai. More significant is the "freezing" of the oral moment into an artifact, when a major characteristic of oral literature is its capacity to be changed through generations, and even from occasion to occasion, by storytellers and bards. - A narrative is a prose that recounts events, people, and places. Here, too, Father Ong’s characteristics are more applicable to a context of general communication than to oral traditional literature. The repetitions in the latter do not, in my opinion, arise from the need Alterations during execution . Learn. The term oral literature means “literature delivered by word of mouth” (Dictionary.com). To some people, Oral literature is only but a mirage Characteristics of prose in literature means different types of literature such as dramas, novels, stories. Linguistic characteristics of oral literature in Thadou Kuki. -Helps the learner to improve their reading abilities as well as acquiring positive attitudes towards oral literature.-It also encourages people to appreciate people from different kinds of races or ethnic groups across the countries. The paper argues that while it is easy and desirable to choose a facilitative theory in the analysis of a written work of literature, such a process poses challenges when it comes to the oral type of African literature. xvi: Figure 2. courtesy Jeff Opland). -Plays a key role in building up of both the listeners and the readers in a gibe literature work. Thadou Speech: Oral literatures of preliterate Tibeo-Burman communities have not been extensively studied for their literary form, content and linguistic features. - An oral narrative is one of the genres of oral literature. 1.4 Characteristics of Oral Literature. July 2, 2007: Linguistic Characteristics of Oral Literature in Thadou Kuki: A Tibeto-Burman Pre-Literature Language . They use succinct and pithy language to express commonly held ideas and beliefs and provide the readers with interesting glimpses at a people’s geography, religion, history, social views and attitudes. STUDY. They exhibit, however, characteristics that define them as oral literature. Its creation and transmission are so inextricably interwoven that its actual enactment or delivery is the most significant … Several points emerge from this examination of oral literature in Africa. Oral literature. Research works by famous inventors and literary works by notable scientists often narrate stories of their groundbreaking discoveries and inferences. They are recorded as verse with many elements of repetition. Figure 1. The Middle Ages Is one that is located immediately after the Classic Ancient Era, marked by the fall of the Western Roman Empire towards 476 and culminates with the fall of the Eastern Roman Empire or Byzantine Empire, for the year 1453. Legends . Figure 1. Finally there is the general genre of Nonfiction. This is part of a more generalized anthropomorphic tendency in Native American folk traditions. Dancer, West Africa (photo Sandra Bornand). What would you do if one of your friends asked you to tell him or her, what specifically makes oral literature distinct from written literature? (c) There is often solo and chorus pattern especially in sung poetry. In Western folk culture it tended to survive in easily remembered forms such as ballads - which were often set to music. PLAY. The author on fieldwork in Limba country, northern Sierras Leone, 1964. xxii: Figure 3. Storytellers in Africa sometimes use call-and-response techniques to tell their stories. Thirumalai. Written literature and oral literature share similar characteristics, including the need to use heightened language and literary techniques such as alliteration, flashbacks, foreshadowing, narrative hooks and plot twists. It is highly valued in Africa in general and in Igbo in particular mainly because of its didactic nature. The Kuki-Chin languages of the Tibeto-Burman family are no exception to this condition. We will now look into fiction and non-fiction literature as two major types of literature, and also consider the various types of oral literature. Linguistic Characteristics of Oral Literature in Thadou Kuki By M.S. characteristics Specific structures to allow memorization . Illustrations Frontispiece: The praise singer Mqhyai, distinguished Xhosa imbongi, in traditional garb with staff (photo . Literature serves as an enormous information base. A broad conceptualization refers to it as literature characterized by oral transmission and the absence of any fixed form. Throughout Africa, oral literature is flourishing, though it is perceived by some as anachronistic to the modern world. Proverbs are culture-loaded. Because they had to be memorized and transmitted orally, the works of oral literature had to be composed in specific metrics to help memorize them. Write. They are regarded as one of the most ancient and valuable manifestations of human culture. Once again, notes for an English Test. Oral literature stems from several types of literature such as folk literature, folklore, and traditional literature. Oral literature also functions to fulfill the need for religious belief and spiritual fulfillment necessary for human existence. (e) The performer dresses in costumes in some sung poetry. The author on fieldwork in Limba country, northern Sierras Leone, 1964. xxii: Figure 3. As we all know, almost all type of literature is available in written form. African literature is highly diversified, even though it shows some similarities. Additionally, animals may be given human behavioral characteristics such as a greed or jealousy. Thadou Speech: Oral literatures of preliterate Tibeo-Burman communities have not been extensively studied for their literary form, content and linguistic features. 1. xvi: Figure 2. - A narrative can either be fictional (non factual) or non-fictional (factual). Ongoing developments in the fields of science and technology are documented so that the world can know about them. Match. Created by. This work refutes this idea in its entirety by presenting 22 chapters, which firmly place the study of oral literature within contemporary African existence. 1.Oral literature is a performed art which in most cases uses words as a medium of communication. Generally delivered in the form of an address or discourse. The first is an obvious one. 16LiuE. - At its essence, an oral narrative is a story spoken to an audience. Oral literature or folk literature is a literature that is spoken or sung as opposed to that which is written, though much oral literature has been transcribed. - The terms used to mean the same as a narrative are tale, folk tale, or a story. While meter and lines are used in poems, they are also used in other media, like plays—therefore, I would not count those as characteristics of poetry but characteristic of literature. Published on July 2, 2007 . July 2, 2007: Linguistic Characteristics of Oral Literature in Thadou Kuki: A Tibeto-Burman Pre-Literature Language 1. This is Informational text dealing with an actual, real-life subject. 2.Forms of Oral Literature include:--Songs-Oral Narratives-Oral poetry-Riddles-Tongue Twisters 3.Myths are Characterized by the following:--gods and supernatural beings Gravity. They focus on the deeds of "great men" and the ways the gods intervene in the affairs of people. Oral Literature in Africa.indd 12 8/28/12 12:58 PM. It is always essential to raise points which would seem only secondary in the case of written literature—questions about the details of performance, audience, and occasion. Thirumalai July 2, 2007: Linguistic Characteristics of Oral Literature in Thadou Kuki: A Tibeto-Burman Pre-Literature Language 1. Oral literature is a term used to describe written and oral literature. In this section, we are going to look at some of the outstanding characteristics of oral literature. oral characteristics which are kept well into the written period as oral residue. Cultural Characteristics of Proverbs by Vicky / Nov 30, 2011. (d) Accompanied with movement and dance. This universal human realm, peopled by spiritual beings and their personalities, is revealed through stories, tales, songs, myths, legends, prayers, and ritual texts. Thadou Speech: Oral literatures of preliterate Tibeo-Burman communities have not been extensively studied for their literary form, content and linguistic features. 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