They were not divided into two books until the Old Testament was translated into Greek. A prayer when he was in the cave. David therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave Adullam: and when his brethren and all his father's house heard it, they went down thither to him. David therefore departed from there and escaped to the cave of Adullam. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. ii. You can check these in your browser security settings. David therefore departed from there and escaped to the cave of Adullam. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. To the cave of Adullam — Which was a strong hold in the tribe of Judah, 1 Chronicles 11:15; Joshua 15:35.This place, fortified by nature, is so fitted for the security of persons in distress, according to Dr. Delaney, that it hath frequently given a refuge from the Turks to the Christians, who fled thither with their families, flocks, and herds. i. Psalm 57 shows a heart of trusting praise to the LORD: I will praise You, O LORD, among the peoples; I will sing to You among the nations… Be exalted, O God, above the heavens; let Your glory be above all the earth. David . SAUL COMMANDS TO KILL THE PRIESTS. 1 Samuel 22 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. “His anger was bent against the Lord himself, for taking away his kingdom, and giving it to another: and because he could not come at the Lord, therefore he wreaketh his rage upon his priests.” (Trapp), ii. a. 2 j And everyone who was in distress, and everyone who was in debt, and everyone who was bitter in soul, 1 gathered to him. Four hundred men, and desperate men at that. iii. But at the very least, he kept Ahimelech from dying with greater honor. And Abiathar told David that Saul had killed the LORD’s priests. : Jonathan never did any such thing but Saul could not accept the truth that David and Jonathan were in the right and he was in the wrong. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. Psalm 57 shows David with a prayerful heart: I will cry out to God Most High, to God who performs all things for me. Last Words Look Forward - 2 Samuel 23:1-7. In Psalm 52, David showed his focus on the LORD: But I am like a green olive tree in the house of God; I trust in the mercy of God forever and ever. : This man was last seen in 1 Samuel 21:7 in Nob, at the tabernacle at the same time David came there. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. The principle that, God leads through a called and anointed man. All rights reserved. a. David therefore departed from there: David had been through a lot. 1 Samuel 22:20 - But one son of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped and fled after David. He couldn’t go to his house, he couldn’t go to the palace, he couldn’t go to Samuel, he couldn’t go to Jonathan, he couldn’t go to the house of the LORD, and he couldn’t go to the ungodly. (Psalm 52:5), iii. . On hearing his sad tale, David declared that he had dreaded such a fatal result from the malice and intriguing ambition of Doeg; and, accusing himself as having been the occasion of all the disaster to Abiathar's family, David invited him to remain, because, firmly trusting himself in the accomplishment of the divine promise, David could guarantee protection to him. This probably wasn’t what David really wanted to hear but he obeyed anyway. The principle that God leads through a called and anointed man is important. A verse by verse commentary on 1 Samuel 22 dealing with David in the cave of Adullam. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. 17, 18. the footmen that stood about him--his bodyguard, or his runners ( 1 Samuel 8:11 , 2 Samuel 15:1 , 1 Kings 1:5 , 1 Kings 14:28 ), who held an important place at court ( 2 Chronicles 12:10 ). (6-8) Feeling sorry for himself, Saul accuses his aides of treason. This is a precious gift from God because previously all David had was trouble and persecution from his father and his brothers (1 Samuel 16:11 and 1 Samuel 17:28). Did I then begin to inquire of God for him? This was a solid beginning to a rebel army if David wanted it. Saul abode . i. Psalm 57 shows David with a humble heart: Be merciful to me, O God, be merciful to me! i. Psalm 57 shows David with a humble heart: Be merciful to me, O God, be merciful to me! : This was not a mob. So the king sent to call Ahimelech the priest, the son of Ahitub, and all his father’s house, the priests who, in Nob. : God called an unlikely and unique group to David in the Adullam cave. “You shall surely die, Ahimelech, you and your father’s house”, : Any man in the place of sin and rebellion Saul was in can’t stand to see an innocent, guileless man like Ahimelech disagree with him. 22 David left Gath and escaped to the cave of Adullam. A judge was more than a person who presided over a courtroom. God doesn’t work through mobs. (1-5) Saul destroys the priests of Nob. Psalm 57 shows David with a realistic heart: My soul is among lions… they have prepared a net for my steps. So Saul constructed elaborate conspiracies against him. d. And there were about four hundred men with him: David was the one anointed by God to be the next king over Israel, and he became Israel’s greatest earthly king. ii. In Psalm 52, David showed his outrage against Doeg: Why do you boast in evil, O mighty man? 1 Samuel 22:20-23 . Psalm 57 shows David with a realistic heart: My soul is among lions… they have prepared a net for my steps. At the same time, the principle that God rarely calls that man to work alone is important. i. Ahimelech was so unaware of the hatred Saul has for David that he praised David before the jealous king: “, And who among all your servants is as faithful as David. This was the worst act that ever Saul did.” (Trapp). (1 Samuel 22:7). Did I then begin to inquire of God for him? Will the son of Jesse give every one of you fields and vineyards. ABIATHAR ESCAPES AND FLEES AFTER DAVID. In verse 13 ‘foolish’ means guilty of wrong behaviour. . (20-23) David protects Abiathar, the only survivor of Ahimelech’s family. Login or Create an Account. (4-9) The manner of a king. “This is one of the worst acts in the life of Saul; his malice was implacable, and his wrath was cruel, and there is no motive of justice or policy by which such a barbarous act can be justified.” (Clarke) “A bloody sentence, harshly pronounced and as rashly executed, without any pause or deliberation, without any remorse or regret. 22:1-5 See what weak instruments God sometimes uses, to bring about his own purposes. 1 Samuel 22:9-16 . : David enjoyed support and aid from the prophets. Through Many Dangers, Toils, and Snares - 2 Samuel 22:1-51. c. The cave of Adullam: The title of Psalm 142 reads: A Contemplation of David. Chapter 22. 2. So, Psalm 142 described David’s discouraged heart: I cry out to the LORD with my voice; with my voice to the LORD I make my supplication. And everyone who was in distress, everyone who was in debt, and everyone who was discontented gathered to him. In 1 Samuel 15:22 Samuel said that it is better to obey God than to *sacrifice to him. He said to the king of Moab, “Please let my father and mother come here with you”. Scripture David was now a fugitive on the run from King Saul. David at Adullam, Many resort to him. 1 Samuel 22:1. David had to learn to trust God. If Ahimelech knew of the conflict between David and Saul, he could have chosen to stand with David and die with greater honor. , and desperate men at that. (11-15) Saul accuses Ahimelech of conspiracy with David. 3. In the lesser way, David’s lying to Ahimelech made the priest vulnerable before Saul. A spear was the early scepter. None of you is sorry for me (1 Samuel 22:8). These were not the men David would choose for himself, but they were the ones God called to him. I have caused the death of all the persons of your father’s house. These men came to David in distress, in debt, and discontented, but they didn’t stay that way. And they all came to the king. . He had the high of immediate fame, a recent marriage, dangers from the Philistines, repeated attempts on his life, and a heartbreaking farewell from everyday life to live as a fugitive for who knows how long. David, being driven from Achish, returns into the land of Israel to be hunted by Saul. But you can’t hide 400 men. of danger, not on the other side of danger. David was restored, but there was still bad fruit to come of the lies, and now David sees and tastes that bad fruit. You can also change some of your preferences. He accused Ahimelech and David of conspiracy against him (you conspired against me, you and the son of Jesse). Also, notice how Saul referred to David: “the son of Jesse.” He didn’t say, “The Man Who Killed Goliath,” or “The Man Who Killed 200 Philistines,” or “The Man Anointed by God.” Saul knew that David came from a family of simple farmers, so he called him by the humblest name he could think of – the son of Jesse. So, Psalm 142 described David’s discouraged heart: I cry out to the LORD with my voice; with my voice to the LORD I make my supplication. Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary 1 Samuel 2:22. I have caused the death of all the persons of your father’s house. An unprincipled leader might make these 400 men into a gang of rebels or cutthroats, but David did not allow this to become a rebel army against King Saul. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. David at Adullam and Mizpah. He hath hid himself among the stuff — Among the carriages or baggage of the people there assembled. 1 Samuel 1 – The Birth of Samuel. And the king said, “You shall surely die, Ahimelech, you and all your father’s house!” Then the king said to the guards who stood about him, “Turn and kill the priests of the LORD, because their hand also is with David, and because they knew when he fled and did not tell it to me.” But the servants of the king would not lift their hands to strike the priests of the LORD. : David meant this in two ways. For the new initiative with Samuel, see especially Walter Brueggemann, First and Second Samuel: Interpretation: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching (Lousville: John Knox, 1990), 27-28. Now one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped and fled after David. Then David had a brief but intense period of backsliding, a dramatic turn to the LORD and deliverance from a life-threatening situation. 20-23. one of the sons of Ahimelech . When my spirit was overwhelmed within me, then You knew my path. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. We may request cookies to be set on your device. All those who were in distress or in debt or discontented gathered around him, and he became their commander. Commentary for 1 Samuel 22 . An unprincipled leader might make these 400 men into a gang of rebels or cutthroats, but David did not allow this to become a rebel army against King Saul. 1 Samuel 22. Now they join him at the Adullam cave. But just as much as God called David, God called these four hundred to come beside David. So, he commanded him to be, The servants of the king would not lift their hands to strike the priests. This was a team that needed a leader, and David became captain over them. A Michtam of David when he fled from Saul into the cave. 1 Samuel 22 – David at the Adullam Cave, Saul Murders the Priests A. David at Adullam cave. John Trapp Complete Commentary. Each principle is important. 1 Samuel 2:21. (Psalm 57:1), ii. I pour out my complaint before Him; I declare before Him my trouble. Your tongue devises destruction, like a sharp razor, working deceitfully. About four hundred men were with him. They are just as called and anointed as David is, but they are called and anointed to follow and support David and he is called and anointed to lead them. 22. Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary 1 Samuel 22:17. New American Standard Version. 1 Samuel 22:1-8.DAVID'S KINDRED AND OTHERS RESORT TO HIM AT ADULLAM. a. Doeg the Edomite: This man was last seen in 1 Samuel 21:7 in Nob, at the tabernacle at the same time David came there. When Israel needed deliverance from Egypt, God didn’t call a committee. When his brothers and his father’s household heard about it, they went down to him there. i. Doeg was more than an ambitious man looking to promote himself. Sidlow Baxter - In the Hebrew manuscripts, 1 and 2 Samuel form but one book, as also do 1 and 2 Kings and 1 and 2 Chronicles. In the way in which I walk they have secretly set a snare for me. Stay with me; do not fear. These were not the men David would choose for himself, but they were the ones God called to him. under a tree in Ramah--literally, "under a grove on a hill." 1-samuel 22:1 David therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave Adullam: and when his brethren and all his father's house heard it, they went down thither to him. When Saul heard that David and the men who. b. DAVID'S KINDRED AND OTHERS RESORT TO HIM AT ADULLAM. 22 David departed from there and escaped to h the cave of i Adullam. (Psalm 52:8-9). iii. Saul here threatens the Benjaminites with the idea that, if another king is chosen, he will favor his tribe in the same manner that Saul has favored the Benjaminites. . Over and over again in the Scriptures, God’s work is led by a called and anointed man. A prayer when he was in the cave. Posted on Oct 21, 2002 by Beyond Today Editor Estimated reading time: 3 minutes. CHAPTER 22. And Saul said, “Hear now, son of Ahitub!” And he answered, “Here I am, my lord.” Then Saul said to him, “Why have you conspired against me, you and the son of Jesse, in that you have given him bread and a sword, and have inquired of God for him, that he should rise against me, to lie in wait, as it is this day?” So Ahimelech answered the king and said, “And who among all your servants is as faithful as David, who is the king’s son-in-law, who goes at your bidding, and is honorable in your house? 1. I will praise You forever, because You have done it; and in the presence of Your saints I will wait on Your name, for it is good. This was a team that needed a leader, and David. Just as in David’s day, there is a King in exile who is gathering around Him a company of people who are in distress, in debt, and discontented. i. Jump to: He works through called men and women, but He also calls others to stand with and support those men and women. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. CHAPTER 22. Now they join him at the Adullam cave. faithful as David, who is the king’s son-in-law, who goes at your bidding, and is honorable in your house? These men were discontented. My son has stirred up my servant against me. c. So Doeg the Edomite turned and struck the priests: Doeg, who was not a Jew but an Edomite, didn’t hesitate to murder the priests and their families. He wanted his parents to be safe in whatever battles he may face in the future. Oriental princes frequently sit with their court under some shady canopy in the open air. He inquired of the LORD for him, gave him provisions, and gave him the sword of Goliath, : Doeg implicated the priest Ahimelech as David’s accomplice. This was a solid beginning to a rebel army if David wanted it. In Psalm 52, David showed his confidence in God’s judgments: God shall likewise destroy you forever; He shall take you away, and pluck you out of your dwelling place, and uproot you from the land of the living. But they proved ruinous to Saul's own interest, as they alienated the priesthood and disgusted all good men in the kingdom. : David took his parents to Moab because his great-grandmother Ruth was a Moabite (Ruth 4:18-22, 1:4). He is training and preparing them for the day when He shall come to reign.” (Redpath). 4. a. He became paranoid and whiny, and he led through guilt and accusation. It was right to appear publicly among the people of his own tribe, as one conscious of innocence and trusting in God; and it was expedient that, on the death of Saul, his friends might be encouraged to support his interest. But we can have it now, no matter what our circumstances. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. These men all came to David when he was down and out, hunted and despised. Now Eli was very old; and he heard all that his sons were doing to all Israel, and how they lay with the women who served at the doorway of the tent of meeting. David went thence to Mizpeh of Moab--"Mizpeh" signifies a watchtower, and it is evident that it must be taken in this sense here, for it is called "the hold" or fort ( 1 Samuel 22:4 ). 247 pp. They had problems of their own, yet God called them to David at the Adullam cave. : David could not do anything about the priests who were already murdered. In the greater way, it was David’s mere presence with Ahimelech that made him guilty before Saul and there really wasn’t anything David or anyone could do about that. . You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. All of you have conspired against me, and there is no one who reveals to me that my son has made a covenant with the son of Jesse—and there is not one of you who is sorry for me or reveals to me that my son has stirred up my servant against me, to lie in wait, as it is this day.”. Cambridge: U. P., 1977. 1 Samuel 22:17-19 . About four hundred men were with him. . Biblical Commentary. . Surely, they are working together against you Saul, and Ahimelech probably knows exactly where David is and where he is going.”. 19. For your servant knew nothing of all this, little or much.”, : Ahimelech answered Saul with the honesty of a man with a clear conscience. But they chose rather to disobey the king than to offend God by imbruing their hands in the blood of his ministering servants. . But he could go to a humble. And everyone. d. All of you have conspired against me… there is not one of you who is sorry for me: In his fleshly, self-focused world, everything revolved around Saul. And he became commander over them. From Beth-lehem to Deir-Dubban it is, indeed, a descent all the way. Far be it from me! . Thus was the doom of the house of Eli fulfilled [ 1 Samuel 2:30-36 ]. 1 Samuel 22. 1 Samuel 22 Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary. Psalm 57 describes David as the LORD strengthened him in the cave and prepared him for what was next. As a result of his fear, he made a number of mistakes. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. Now one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped and fled after David. We often think we have to get out of the cave until we can have the heart David had in Psalm 57. We know from both 1 Samuel and the Psalms that David turned his heart back to the LORD and asked forgiveness after his lies to Ahimelech. Doeg was. Senseless Census - 2 Samuel 24:1-25. For he who seeks my life seeks your life, but with me you shall be safe.”, a. I knew that day, when Doeg the Edomite was there, that he would surely tell Saul: David showed how he felt about this in Psalm 52, which says in its title A Contemplation of David when Doeg the Edomite went and told Saul, and said to him, “David has gone to the house of Ahimelech.”, i. Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:20-23 (Read 1 Samuel 22:20-23) David greatly lamented the calamity. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. (20-23)1-5 See what weak instruments God sometimes uses, to bring about his own purposes. 1 David left Gath and escaped to the cave of Adullam. i. David’s lies did not directly kill Ahimelech and the other priests. Then answered Doeg the Edomite, who was set over the servants of Saul, and said, “I saw the son of Jesse going to Nob, to Ahimelech the son of Ahitub. When Israel needed deliverance from Egypt, God didn’t call a committee. We will focus our attention on verses 22-23 of our text, in which Samuel confronts Saul for having disobeyed God. (6-19) Abiathar escapes to David. Let not the king impute anything to his servant, to any in the house of my father. “You shall surely die, Ahimelech, you and your father’s house”: Any man in the place of sin and rebellion Saul was in can’t stand to see an innocent, guileless man like Ahimelech disagree with him. This is a precious gift from God because previously all David had was trouble and persecution from his father and his brothers (1 Samuel 16:11 and 1 Samuel 17:28). When David came to Ahimelech, the priest questioned him carefully (Why are you alone, and no one is with you, 1 Samuel 21:1). “Look at all the help Ahimelech gave David. They wanted something different, and something better, and God called them to David at the Adullam cave. They are on the borders of the Philistine plain at the base of the Judea mountains, six miles southwest from Beth-lehem, and well adapted for concealing a number of refugees. The sheer pressures of these frustrations drives them to the refuge of the blood of Christ that was shed for them.” (Redpath). 1Sa 22:1-8. Saul is clearly going off the deep end. I will praise You forever, because You have done it; and in the presence of Your saints I will wait on Your name, for it is good.

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